Research & Development

Research and development activities in Poland are performed by public and private institutions. However, most of such activities are carried out in the public sector. Key actors are universities, research institutes, as well as commercial and non-profit companies of different size. The statutory funding for public high education and research institutions is provided by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education based on their performance during a 4-year period. Research financing in Poland comes in major part from the state as well as the European Programmes (such as Horizon 2020 and EU structural funds) and private sector. Since there is a strong conviction that an efficient higher education and science  system  is  at  the  nexus  of  knowledge  creation,  education,  innovation and economic growth, Poland is continuously increasing expenditures on R&D. The expenditure for R&D is still growing and according to the latest data it amounted to 1.21% of GDP

The research units and individual scientists can apply for additional funding through open calls. The calls have different objectives and rules and are announced by funding organizations, including three national agencies supervised by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education, non-government Foundation for Polish Science as well as by different local authorities, private organizations and companies and international Programmes. As indicated by the data published on Science in Poland, in the academic year 2019/2020, around 85 000 foreigners studies in Poland. The dominant foreign group are Ukrainians and Belarusians. Poland is also willingly chosen by students from India, Spain, Turkey, Czechia, Germany, Norway, China, and Russia. The number of international students and researchers at Polish institutions is growing every year.