Supervisors from Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science


 r.major@imim. pl


Roman Major heads the Surface and Biomaterial Engineering Lab and the Laser and Acoustic Scanning Microscopy Lab at the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMMS PAS) in Kraków, where he is a professor. His research work deals with the influence of modifications made by advanced surface engineering methods on the properties of materials, mainly dedicated to elements of the cardiovascular regeneration system. In particular, it covers issues in the manufacturing and diagnostics of coatings applied with advanced physical methods, for instance using the laser ablation method. He addresses issues on the borderline of material engineering (biomaterial engineering) and molecular biology and regenerative medicine. In this aspect, he uses tools available in molecular biology to design and test materials. Based on the analysis of the anatomical structure of natural organs, he attempts to reconstruct their structure using various types of biomaterials. He is the author or co-author of 300 publications, including 242 in JCR-listed journals, with a Hirsch index of 11, and 215 citations (including 200 without self-citations). He has participated in 11 research projects, including 9 as a work manager. He actively cooperates with many scientific centers, both in Poland (Foundation for Cardiac Surgery Development in Zabrze, Colegium Medicum of Jagiellonian University, Silesian Centre for Heart Diseases, Regional Centre for Blood Donation and Blood Management in Kraków) and abroad (Austria: Joanneum Research Forschungs-GmbH, Leoben, France: Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble, Spain: Universidad Politécnica de Madrid). He has won many awards and distinctions (including a scientific award of PAS Division IV – Technical Sciences for a series of publications on biomedical engineering issues in the context of biomaterials for blood contact). Since 2020 he has been a member of the PAS Committee on Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering.

ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6952-3270


Joanna Wojewoda-Budka received her MSc (2002) at the Jagiellonian University, Faculty of Chemistry (in physical chemistry), PhD (with honors, 2007) and DSc (habilitation, 2014) in materials engineering from the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMMS PAS), where she is an associate professor. Currently she is the director of IMMS PAS. Since 2005, she has been an expert and deputy head in the Testing Laboratories at IMMS PAS accredited by the Polish Accreditation Center – Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy Laboratories. She was twice a laureate of the "Start" Scholarship for Young Scientists of the Foundation for Polish Science, and a three-year scholarship awarded by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education to outstanding young scientists and the Silver Cross of Merit from the President of Poland in 2017. In addition, has she managed and participated in many projects financed from European and Polish funds. Her scientific interests are associated with the coatings and interfaces formed via various joining process. In recent years she has led a project focused on plating process and properties of electroless Ni-P and Ni-Re-P coatings and is also actively working in the explosive welding area – supervising doctorates in this scientific field.


Research interests:

Coatings, electroless plating, soldering, explosive welding, diffusion soldering.


Major publications:

Wojewoda-Budka J. (2017). “Microstructure and kinetics of intermetallic phase growth of three layered A1050/AZ31/A1050 clads prepared by explosive welding combined with subsequent annealing”, Materials & Design, vol. 130, 120-130.

Wojewoda-Budka J. (2016). “Structural properties of Ti/Al clads manufactured by explosive welding and annealing”, Materials & Design, vol. 91, 80-89.

Wojewoda-Budka J. (2016). “Microstructure characteristics and phase transformations of the Ni-P and Ni-P-Re electroless deposited coatings after heat treatment”, Electrochimica Acta, vol. 209, 183-191.

Jerzy Morgiel received his MSc in solid state physics (with a dissertation on the “Deposition and properties of TiN layers) from the AGH Technical University in Kraków in 1981, followed by his PhD on shape memory alloys (supervised by Prof. J. Dutkiewicz) in materials science from the Institute for Metal Research, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMR PAS), Kraków in 1987. Next, he won a Fulbright-Hays scholarship, allowing him to investigate crystallization of amorphous silicon by the in-situ HR TEM method with R. Sinclair’s group at Stanford University. Back in Poland he took over as a head of the TEM Laboratory at Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMMS PAS), where he received his DSc (habilitation, 2002) degree and full professorship (2012). He also supervises the Department of Structural and Functional Materials at IMIM PAS ( His field of expertise concerns the study of phase transformations in the solid state using electron microscopy methods. Since 2015 he serves as a vice-president of the Polish Society of Composite Materials ( and p resident of the Polish Society for Microscopy (


Research interests:

Phase transformations, composites, coatings, titanium alloys, TEM.


Major publications:

Morgiel J. et al (2019). “TEM studies of low temperature cathode-plasma nitrided Ti6Al7Nb alloy”, Surf.&Coat.Tech., (359)183-189.

Morgiel J., Wierzchoń T. (2014). “New estimate of phase sequence in diffusive layer formed on plasma nitrided Ti-6Al-4V alloy”, Surf.&Coat.Tech., (259)473-482.


Patent-PL215960B1 (co-author): Sposób wytwarzania ceramicznych warstw na tkaninie [Method of producing ceramic layers on fabric] (2010).

@ materials/225

Marek Lipiński works at the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMMS PAS) in Krakow as an associate professor. He studied at the University of Silesia in Katowice at the Faculty of Mathematics and Physics. From the beginning of his professional career he has been involved in the physics and technology of solar cells. He earned his PhD in 1992, followed by his DSc (habilitation) degree in the field of materials engineering in 2012, with the dissertation: The influence of physical properties of layers and subsurface areas on the functional parameters of the silicon solar cell. In 2013, his work received the Siemens Promotional Award. He is a member of the Scientific Council of IMMS PAS.


Research interests:

Physics and photovoltaic technology, perovskite cells, photovoltaic third generation.


Major publications:

Kula S.,  Pająk A.,  Szlapa-Kula A.,  Mieszczanin A., Gnida A P.,  Lipinski M.,  Schab-Balcerzak  E. (2020).         “9,9 '-bifluorenylidene derivatives as novel hole-transporting materials for potential photovoltaic applications”, Dyes And Pigments, 174, 1-9,

Gawlinska-Necek K., Starowicz Z., Tavgeniene D., Krucaite G.,  Grigalevicius S.,  Schab-Balcerzak E.,  Lipinski M. (2019). “A solution-processable small-organic molecules containing carbazole or phenoxazine structure as hole-transport materials for perovskite solar cells”, Opto-Electronics Review, 27(2), 137-142.

Starowicz Z., Gawlińska-Nęcek K., Walter J., Socha R.P., Kulesza-Matlak G., Lipiński M. (2018). “Extended investigation of sol aging effect on TiO2 electron transporting layer and performances of perovskite solar cells, Materials Research Bulletin, 99, 136-143.

Gawlinska K., Iwan A., Starowicz Z., Kulesza-Matlak G., Stan-Glowinska K., Janusz M., Lipinski M., Boharewicz B., Tazbir I., Sikora A. (2017). “Searching of new, cheap, air- and thermally stable hole transporting materials for perovskite solar cells”, Opto-Electronics Review 25, 274-284.

Lipiński M., Socha R.P., Kędra A., Gawlińska K., Kulesza-Matlak G., Major Ł., Drabczyk K., Łaba K., Starowicz Z., Gwóźdź K., Góral A., Popko E. (2017). “Studying of perovskite nanoparticles in PMMA matrix used as light converter for silicon solar cell”, Arch. Metall. Mater. 62, 3, 17331-1739.

ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5588-1648

Scopus ID: 6701424138

Web of Science ID: AAF-4423-2019 S


Natalia Sobczak heads the Department of Metallurgical Processes at the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMMS PAS). She is chair of the Cast Metal Matrix Composites Working Group at the World Foundry Organization, a member of the Executive Committee of the Federation of European Materials Societies, a member of Int. Scientific Committees on High Temperature Capillarity and of Workshops on Subsecond Thermophysics. She earned her MSc and PhD degrees from St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University and her DSc (habilitation) from the Polish Academy of Sciences. A visiting professor at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Hokkaido University, Osaka University, University of Wisconsin-Stout, and the Institute for Energetics and Interphases IENI-CNR in Genova. A specialist in the field of high temperature liquid state materials science, composite synthesis, joining dissimilar materials by liquid-assisted processes, casting of advanced and specialty materials, phase change materials for energy storage.


Major publications:

Singh M., Asthana R., Sobczak N. (2020). “Active brazing of SiC-base ceramics to high-temperature alloys”, J. Mater. Eng. Perf.

Sobczak N. et al. (2020). “The influence of alloying additions on high temperature interaction between molten compacted graphite iron and alumina”, Arch. Metal. Mater. 65(3):1227-1238.

Homa M., Sobczak N. et al. (2018). “Interaction between graphene-coated SiC single crystal and liquid copper”, J. Mater. Eng. Perf. 27:2317-2329.

Sobczak N. et al. (2010). “The mystery of molten metal”, China Foundry, 7:425-437.


PL421216, Apparatus for testing of liquid Mg and its alloys in contact with refractory substrates; EP17460064.3, Module for soldering printed circuit boards;

PL408159/225228, High-temperature apparatus for investigation of interaction of liquid metals and alloys with refractory materials under isothermal and non-isothermal conditions;

EP14732942.9-1373/2925469, The pressure reactor for producing materials having directed porosity; PL215374B1, Test device for shear strength measurements of joints of dissimilar materials.


Maciej Szczerba has been employed at the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMMS PAS) since 2007. He earned his PhD in 2011. Since 2018 he holds the position of associate professor and is now a deputy director of the Institute. He is currently studying the basic plastic properties of metallic materials in the form of single crystals and also the basic properties of materials dedicated to magnetic shape memory applications.


Research interests:

Plastic deformation of solids, twinning, shape memory alloys.


Major publications:

Szczerba M.J. et al. (2017). “Slip versus twinning in low and very low stacking-fault energy Cu-Al alloy single crystals”, Acta Materialia 133, 109-119.

Szczerba M.J. et al. (2016). “Experimental studies on detwinning of face-centered cubic deformation twins”, Acta Materialia 104, 52-61.

Szczerba M.J. et al. (2016). “Detwinning of face-centered cubic deformation twins via the correspondence matrix approach”, Acta Materialia 102,162-168.

Szczerba M.J. et al. (2015). “Detwinning of a  non-modulated Ni-Mn-Ga martensite: From self-accommodated microstructure to single crystal”, Acta Materialia 85, 67-73.


Pawel Zieba earned his PhD and DSc (habilitation) at the Institute of Metallurgy and Materials Science, Polish Academy of Sciences (IMMS PAS). Since 2003 he has held the title of professor, received from the President of the Republic of Poland, and in 2016 he became the Member of the Polish Academy of Sciences. He is the former head of IMMS PAS (2011-2019). He was a Fellow of British Council (1991-92) and the Humboldt Foundation (1997-2001). In 2011-2015 he was a member of the Executive Committee of European Federation of Materials Societies. Since 2011 he has been the editor-in-chief of Archives of Metallurgy and Materials and since 2020 president of the Committee on Materials Engineering and Metallurgy, Polish Academy of Sciences. He is the author or co-author more than 350 papers. He has supervised 40 projects funded by various national agencies, including cohesion funds resulting from Poland’s access to the European Community, EU Framework Programmes and others. He has received the Knight's Cross of Polonia Restituta Order for his scientific achievements, and the Diploma and Badge of Honor of the Polish Ministry of the Economy for merits in the development of the economy of the Republic of Poland.


Research interests:

Materials characterization including electron microscopy, mass and charge transport at grain boundaries, severe plastic deformation, interconnection and joining of materials, photovoltaics (silicon solar cells).


Major publications:

Wojewoda-Budka J., Wierzbicka-Miernik A., Litynska-Dobrzynska L., Szczerba M.J, Mosialek M., Huber Z., Zieba P. (2016). “Microstructure characteristics and phase transformations of the Ni-P and Ni-P-Re electroless deposited coatings after heat treatment”, Electrochimica Acta 209.

Kulesza G., Panek P., Zięba P. (2014). “Short Surface Texturization of Multicrystalline Silicon in the HF/HNO3 Solutions and Its Effect on Optoelectronic Parameters of Solar Cells”, Archives of Mechanical and Civil Engineering 14.

Zięba P. (2003). “Diffusion Along Migrating Grain Boundaries”, Interface Sci. (special issue) 11.

Zięba P., Gust W. (1998). “Analytical Electron Microscopy of Discontinuous Solid State Reactions”, International Materials Review 43.

B.B. Straumal, A.R. Kilmametov, B. Baretzky, O.A. Kogtenkova, P.B. Straumal, L. Lityńska-Dobrzyńska, R. Chulist, A. Korneva, P. Zięba, (2020). “High pressure torsion of Cu–Ag and Cu–Sn alloys: limits for solubility and dissolution, Acta Materialia 195.